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唐朝之后为何还用“荼”指“茶”

放大字体  缩小字体 发布日期:2017-06-28  来源:北京晚报  浏览次数:53605   关注:加关注

在如今人们生活中,“”已经成为极为常见的字眼。但是在唐代以前,少有“茶”的字眼。有一种普遍的说法认为,在古代,“茶”与“荼”是一体的,“荼”即是“茶”。但也有人认为,古时“荼”的涵义要比“茶”广。不管哪种说法正确,可以肯定的是,唐代中期陆羽《茶经》刊印之后,“茶”字便广泛流行起来,而且其意义也同今天的茶类似。

虎扑电竞youyisideshi,“cha”ziguangfanshiyonghou,tangdaijiqizhihoudeyoushihaihuiyong“tu”laibiaoshi“cha”,liru,zaiqingdaishenzhidangdaideshufazuopinzhong,rengrannenggoukandaoyi“tu”zhi“cha”dexianxiang。zheiyoushizenmehuishini?

wanqingwuchangshuoshutie《jiaochaxuan》,shibizhejinriyuedusuode,youyanshenyueduleliqingzhao《jinshiluhouxu》,lveyousuohuo。

虎扑电竞wuchangshuoshutie《jiaochaxuan》,zhuanshuhengpi,xingcaoluokuan,xiguangxuyisinianchunyingyourenxiaoqianzhiqingsuoshu。qixialiangkuanluokuan,qizhongkuanduizhuti“jiaocha”dedianguzuoleshuoming,erlingwaiyigeluokuandui“cha”zidezixingzuoleshuoming:“chazibujianxushu,tangrenyudichashanshikeshi,chaziwujianjiezuotu。fouyouji(qianyin)。”

yudihexuren?yudishitangxianzongshizaixiang,shengnianbuxiang,zuyu818nian。yuzhushu《chajing》deluyu(733nian-804nian)、shisengjiaoranshitongshidairen,danyingbiluyunianqing。

虎扑电竞yudishanshufa,xieyou“chashanshi”bingjuankeyushibei,jiwuchangshuozai《jiaochaxuan》luokuanzhongtidaode“chashanshikeshi”。wuyoushuo:“chaziwujianjiezuotu”,shishuoyudishizhongchuxiandewuge“cha”zi,quankezuo“tu”。bingshuo:“chazibujianxushu”,“xushu”,zhidonghanxushenbianzhu、jieshizitilaiyuande《shuowenjiezi》,zheishizhongguodiyibuzidian,er“cha”zheigezizai《shuowenjiezi》zhongshimeiyoude。

hanzizaixingchengzhichumeiyou“cha”zi,changyong“tu”zizhidai“cha”。raner,chudangzuochayindehanyizhiwai,“tu”zihaiyou“kucai”、“tudu”、“maolubaihua”dengduozhongshiyi。chadeyingyongfazhandaoyiyinyongweizhudeshiqi,“tu”zixianranbunenggougaikuochazaishehuishenghuozhongchuyandejiaose。weiyuhanyiguangfande“tu”jiayiqubie,wenrenchuangzaochulezhuanzhide“cha”zi。

lingjuqingdaixuezheguyanwukaozheng:“anchachuanzhicha,yutukuzhitubenshiyizi,gushiweifen……yuyoutaishandaiyueguanlantangbeitiming,jiandalishisinian(779nian)ke‘tuyao’zi,zhenyuanshisinian(798nian)ke‘tuyan’zi,jiezuotu……zhihuichangyuannian(841nian),liugongquanshuxuanmitabeiming、dazhongjiunianpeixiushuguifengshanshibeichapizi,jujianciyihua,zecizibianyuzhongtangyixiaye。”(jian《rizhilu》)

juqing《yishu》ji:“jin‘cha’ziguzuo‘tu’,zhitangluyuzhu《chajing》,shijianyihuazuo‘cha’。”yejiushishuo,daolezhongtangshiqi,luyuyizaishuxieheshiyong“cha”zi。buguo,meiyougengduodezhengjuzhengming“cha”zishiluyuyirensuochuang。huozhekeyizheimerenwei,shufa、beikezhongshiyong“cha”zizai“zhongtangyixia”,ershujikebenzhongshiyong“cha”zizezai“zhongtangyiqian”。

《chajing》xiezuoxiudinglishi14zai,dayuechengshuyu775nian(yeyoushuofarenwei,luyuyu765nianwancheng《chajing》,775nianyihouzaiduxiugai,780nianhoudinggao),chuanboshushinianhou,churenhuzhoucishideyudi(yudi791nianrenhuzhoucishi,qiegenjushiliaofenxi,qichashanshishizairenhuzhoucishiqijiansuoke)weihehaiyong“tu”zini?

zheishuomingzaidangshi,keneng“cha”yu“tu”liangzibingyong。lingwaiyizhongjieshi,bizherenweiyuchubanjishudefazhanyouguan。donghancailunzaozhi,suitangyoulediaobanyinshua,bubixiangxianqinshiqibideyangzhangzhongdingbeishilaijilulishishijian。cishi,beikegengduodizhuanhuaweijinshixinshangyishu,suoyi,yudide“chashanshikeshi”zuo“tu”zi,shiyizhongyishushoufa,tixiandeshiyishujiadeyizhongfuguqinghuai。

虎扑电竞tangdaiyihoudesongyuanmingshuhua,yanzhiwanqingminguo,douyouyishujiayi“tu”zhi“cha”。wuchangshuoshufa《jiaochaxuan》zhongde“cha”yeshiduoyihua,xiezuo“tu”。shenerdangdaibushaoshufajiazaixie“cha”zishiyehuixiezuo“tu”。kejian,zaibiaoda“cha”deyisi,shuhuajiahuochuyushenmeizhigu,duoyong“tu”,erwenrenxuezhechuyuwenhuachuanbodezhunquexing,zetongyiyong“cha”。

虎扑电竞shunbiantiyiju,shuodaoxiandangdaiyishujiayong“tu”zi,dajiazuishuzhideyaoshuwuguanzhongdebiming:wutucha。genjuwuguanzhongnianbiaokezhi,1938nian,wuguanzhongzaiguoliyizhuanyukejieye,shengrubenkexueyouhua。zheiyinian,takaishiyong“wutucha”weibiming,hougaiwei“tu”,chengweihuazuoshangdeqianming。danheyiyong“tu”weibieming,wuguanzhongbingweijiguojieshi。

youyishujiafenxi,cengjingliuxuefaguodewuguanzhong,duifangaoyouweichongbai。wuguanzhongcengjingshuoguo,“fangaoyonghongsehuashu,neixuanzhuanbenfangdeyunbizhizhiyekong,neiqiangliehaomaideqinggan,neichenzhe、nongzhongdehongsedadaoleruhuorutudemiaojing。” huoxukecongzheiduanhuazhongkanchuwuguanzhongyong“tu”weibimingdeduanni,dangran,cishide“tu”sihuyu“cha”deguanxibudale。

 
 
 
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